Vocabulary: Gateway 1 unit 7
Ozone layer – endangered species – Organic fertilizers – greening – extinction – global warming – dumping – recycling
Functions Gateway 1 unit 7
Expressing a present wish
Wish / if only + verb ( past simple )
The present simple becomes past simple
Negative => affirmative
Affirmative => negative
Ex: Tom doesn’t revise His lessons and is always absent, so he gets bad marks.
Tom: If only / I wish I revised my lessons
Grammar Gateway 1 unit 7
Conditional Type 2
What is Conditional Type 2?
Conditional type two is a grammatical structure used to talk about hypothetical situations in the present or future that are unlikely to happen.
When do we use conditional type 2?
Conditional type 2 is used when discussing impossible situations in the present or future or expressing Advice.
What is the form of conditional type 2?
Conditional type 2 is made up of two clauses. The first clause begins with if and is called the IF CLAUSE. The second clause begins with a modal in the past and is called the MAIN CLAUSE.
[if + subject + simple past] + [subject + would + verb (infinitive )]
NB: conditional type 2 = present wish
Five examples of conditional type 2
- I would buy a house by the beach if I had a million dollars.
- I would send her a letter if I knew where she lives (which means I don’t know where she lives).
- If I were you, I would study harder for the exam.
- If it rains tomorrow, we will cancel the picnic.
- If I had more time, I would travel to Europe.
- If you don’t hurry, you’ll miss your flight.