Vocabulary in Gateway 1 Unit 4: Leisure Activities
Leisure activities are activities that people do in their free time. They are the activities that they enjoy. Leisure activities can be indoor, outdoor, or both. They help us reduce the stress of our daily life, have a good mood or a state of mind.
Indoor vs. Outdoors Activities
- Using the internet
- Watching tv
- Chatting on the net
- Playing football
- Going to the cinema
- Listening to music
- Playing chess
Positive and negative Emotions
Positive emotions or feeling
- Nouns: Joy – gaiety – delight – cheerfulness – merriment – vivacity – calm – satisfaction – enthusiasm – optimism – jubilation.
- Adjectives: Motivated-amused-Hopeful-cautious-happy-confident-ecstatic-fascinated-relaxed
Negative emotions or feeling
- Nouns: Anger – despair – depression – loneliness – sadness – frustration – worry – fear
- Adjectives: Disgusted-shocked-Lonely-annoyed-frightened-enraged-frustrated-anxious-mischievous-smug
Adjectives ending with “ed” or “ing.”
- We use adjectives that end up with “ed” to express: feelings and emotions.
- We use adjectives that end up with “ing” to describe: activities and places.
Example: we feel motivated and amused in the English class because we find it interesting.
She felt tired after working hard all day.
A park is a fascinating place you go to.
Grammar in Gateway 1 Unit 4: Leisure Activities
Too vs. Enough
Use: Too and enough indicate a degree. They are used with adjectives.
- “Too” means more than what is needed.
- “Enough” means sufficient.
Example: He is too old to play football with the kids.
You’re not working fast enough
I don’t have enough time.
He has too many friends.
She has got too much patience.
Future Tense: “Be going to” and “Will.”
Be going to
- Planned action or intention
Example: Bill is going to study information technology
- Prediction based on physical evidence
Example: There are thick clouds in the sky .it’s going to rain
Subject + be going to + verb (infinitive)
Example: He is going to see Bill this evening
Subject + be not going to + verb (infinitive)
Example: He is not going to see Bill this evening
be + Subject + going to + verb (infinitive)
Ex: Is He going to see Bill this evening?
It is used for:
Example: It will rain tomorrow
- Scheduled events
The football match will start at 3:00 p.m.
I’ll telephone you after class
- Making offers
I’ll make you some coffee.